Excavation is an important part of any construction process. Whether you are tying to build a commercial or residential structure, bridges or roadways or are trying to install piping and wire systems, excavation is a major step in each of those processes. Excavation is the process of moving different kinds of material such as soil, rock and sediment by means of various machines, tools and practices. This is done, typically, to create an indentation which will be used in the constructions process for foundations and other such structures. The type of excavation depends on the material being excavated and the purpose for that excavation.
Cut and Fill Excavation
Cut and fill excavation, which is also known as stripping excavation is the process used in construction to clear large areas of land. The type of excavation commonly involves the removal of wide, and shallow, layers of sand, topsoil, rock and other material such as low shrubbery. Usually this process is paired with land grading, which is another service we offer. Cut and fill excavation is typically the first construction step in large building projects, including residential and multi-family housing and commercial building.
Trench excavation is typically used in the process of installing sewer systems and pipelines, to lay service lines (such as cable and internet) or to assist in the installation of certain foundations. In this type of excavation, the length of the recess being dug is shorter than the recess is deep, thus creating a “trench”. Trenches can be dug as shallow as six feet deep or any depth beyond that. Generally, a trench excavation site is not wider than 15 feet. What machines or tools are used to excavate a trench depends on what material is being dug into and how deep.
A basement is the level below ground area. When your construction project calls for a structure that is to be built, at least partially, below the ground floor, this type of excavation is to be used. Residential houses with cellars and commercial buildings with subterranean parking are prime candidates for this type of excavation. Because this excavation calls for a large area being dug, under the surface level, it can be incredibly complicated. Rest assured though, we have years of experience with this type of excavation and the knowledge to make sure that your project is pulled off without a hitch.
Dredging involves excavating material from a water filled environment. This type of excavation can be used to reshape land and water to assist in better drainage and navigation. This type of excavation is commonly used in damn construction and bridge building. This is also used to mine mineral deposits. When sediment deposits build up, under water layers over time, they need to be clear to make way for the passage of boats and other marine vehicles. This process involves loosening material, bringing material to the surface, transportation of said material and the disposal of whatever material isn’t needed.