Milton Excavation Masters also specialize in pond construction! Ponds are small pools of water which can contain aquatic life or plants and they make fantastic additions to all different property types and come in all manner of shapes, sizes and kinds. We can guide you through the entire pond construction process, from planning to prep to construction. Whether your new pond will be ground fed, rain fed or anything in between, we know what we are doing to give you a pond that you can be proud of. Let us give you the pond of your dreams today.
Drainable Vs. Un-drainable Ponds
There are two types of ponds when it comes to drainage; drainable and un-drainable. Drainable ponds are constructed higher than the level of water which is fed in to them, thus, allowing the pond to be drained by gravity. These ponds are usually pump fed or filled by drainage. Un-drainable ponds are constructed in a way so as to not be able to be drained by gravity. These types of ponds are usually fed from groundwater and their levels can vary from season to season.
Types of Pond Material
There are three main types of pond material used for pond construction. Earthen ponds are built from soil, rock and other natural ground material and are the most common pond type, usually dug out from the earth. Lined ponds are an extension of the earthen pond, being constructed in relatively the same way, but also having a lined surface added to the interior which helps to keep water levels consistent. The last type of pond is a walled pond. These ponds are usually built above ground and are constructed from brick, rock or concrete, but can also be built with metal and wood.
As with pond types, there are three typical types of pond construction. The first, dug-out ponds, are created by excavating earth material to form a depression which can be filled in with water and are un-drainable. Embankment ponds are created without the need for excavation, but by using earth moving machines to create a dike, which holds waster in and against a natural embankment. These ponds are usually drainable and fed by gravity or pumps. The last pond is a cut and fill pond. This type of pond is a combination of both the dug-out and embankment pond, built on sloping ground. This pond is drainable.
There are three main pond types: sunken, barrage and diversion. Sunken ponds are built in to the ground and are constructed below surface level; being fed by groundwater and only drainable by means of pump. The barrage pond is created with the use of a damn, usually at the bottom of a naturally occurring valley, which is blocked on one side by the damn, thus creating a pond. The diversion pond is used for excess water runoff and is built on sloping ground to control the flow of water from springs, lakes or reservoirs.